Black Eye

About the American Deist



Edward James Furton, MA, PhD

Nicholas James Furton, BFA

The American Deist seeks the return of religious truth to American public life. This site is dedicated to the unity of faith and reason, and more particularly, to the unity of Christianity and American Deism.

We have forgotten—and been made to forget—that the founding truths of our country are religious in nature. They are not matters of faith, but are known to reason, as Thomas Jefferson and the American Deists said.

The growing corruption of our political system, and the unwillingness of our educators to instruct their fellow citizens in the most sacred principles of our union poses a long-term threat to the security of the nation and the right of self-government.

The American Deist holds that the only solution to the many problems that afflict us at presnt is the return of religion to American public life. “Religion,” as used at this site, does not primarily mean supernatural doctrines, but those religious truths that are agreeable to reason, the same as have been recognized by the great thinkers of the past as necessary to the strength and success of the republic. They comprise “natural religion.”

Though the return of natural religion to public life and to our public schools may seem a practical impossibility to many, we must take the long view. The corruption of our system of government did not come about in a day—and neither will its restoration.

Our greatest threat comes from the supposedly least powerful branch of government. The judiciary has usurped the right of the people to govern themselves under the laws of their own making. Rulings that distort, overturn, or ignore the will of the people are direct attacks on the US Constitution and the sacred right of self-government given to the people of the United States by God in nature.


List of Historical Documents at this Site:

Thomas Jefferson

Declaration of Independence
Virginia Bill for Religious Liberty
Syllabus on Jesus
Letter to John Adams (Proof for God’s Existence)

John Jay

Federalist No. 2: The Work of Divine Providence
Constitution of the United States
Constitutional Amendments
Articles of Confederation

James Madison

Memoral and Remonstrance against Religious Assessments
Federalist Nos. 10, 14, and 37: Faction, Territory, Constitutional Convention
Federalist Nos. 39, 45, and 47: Republicanism, State Powers, Division of Power
Federalist Nos. 48, 49, and 51: Interdependence, Safeguards, Checks and Balances

Alexander Hamilton

Federalist Nos. 1 and 9: Need for Union, Progress of the Republic
Federalist Nos. 31 and 33: Taxation, Necessary and Proper, Supremacy
Federalist Nos. 78 and 81: Behavior of Judges, “Spirit” of the Constitution
Federalist No. 84: No Need for a Bill of Rights

George Mason

Virginia Bill of Rights
Objections to the Proposed Constitution
Anti-Federalist #11 and #15 (Robert Yates)
Anti-Federalist #12 (Robert Yates)

Benjamin Franklin

Training in the Virtues and the Party of Virtue from Autobiography
Articles of Belief and Acts of Religion
On the Providence of God in the Government of the World
Call for Prayers at the Convention and Letter to Ezra Stiles (March 9, 1790)

George Washington

First Inaugural Address
Thanksgiving Proclamation
Also those of James Madison, Abraham Lincoln, and Franklin Roosevelt
Letters to Religious Establishments
To Roman Catholics
To the Hebrew Congregations of Rhode Island
To the New Church (Swedeborgians) of Baltimore

Farewell Address

Ethan Allen

Selections from Reason: The Only Oracle of Man
Chapter 1: Superstition, On the Being of God, Attributes of God
Chapter II: Creation, Genesis, Providence of God, Free Agency of Man
Chapter IV: Depravity of Reason, Law of Nature, Faith Defined
Chapter VIII: Beliefs of Our Forefathers, Faith and Reason
Chapter XIII: Natural Fitness, Morality and Human Happiness

Thomas Paine

Selections from Common Sense
Sections 1‒13: The Origin and Design of Government
Sections 49‒53: Present State of America
Section 22: Present Ability of America
“Of the Religion of Deism Compared with the Christian Religion”
Selections from The Age of Reason
Part I, Chapter IX: Defining True Revelation
Part I, Chapter X: God and the Bible
“On the Existence of God”

Charles de Montesquieu

Selections from Spirit of the Laws
Book I: Laws in General
Book V: Laws in Relation to the Principle of Governent
Book XI: Laws, Political Liberty, and the Constitution
Book XXIV: Laws in Relation to Religion

John Locke

Selections from An Essay concerning Human Understanding
Book II, Chapter 1: Ideas and Their Original
Book IV, Chapter 10: Our Knowledge of the Existence of God
Selections from Second Treatise of Government
Chapter II: Of the State of Nature
Chapter V: Of Property
Chapter XI: Of the Extent of the Legislative Power

Algernon Sidney

Selections from Discourses concerning Government
Chapter I, Section 10: Society Necessarily Diminished Liberty
Chapter I, Section 17: God Did Not Give the World to Any One Man
Chapter II, Section 3: Government Exists for the Sake of the Governed
Chapter II, Section 16: The Best Governments are of Mixed Form
Chapter II, Section 20: Our Love of Liberty Is Tempered by Reason
Chapter III, Section 20: Unjust Commands Are Not to Be Obeyed
Chapter III, Section 31: Free Nations May Meet When and Where They Please
Chapter III, Section 33: Liberty Is the Gift of God and Nature
Chapter III, Section 36: The Revolt of a Nation Is Not Rebellion

Richard Hooker

Selections from The Laws of Ecclesiastical Polity
Book I, Chapter 2: The Eternal Law Draws All Things to the Good
Book I, Chapter 3: Eternal Law May Mean God’s Mind or God’s Rule
Book I, Chapter 3: The Things of Nature Are under the Divine Providence
Book I, Chapter 5: All Things in Nature Seek the Perfection of God
Book I, Chapter 8: The First Rules of the Laws of Nature Are Self-Evident
Book I, Chapter 10: Human Laws Restrain Our Vices within Society

Thomas Aquinas

Selections from the Summa Theologica
Part I, Ques. 2: Proof of God’s Existence
Part I‒II, Ques. 91: The Various Types of Law
Part I‒II, Ques. 94: Of the Natural Law
Part I‒II, Ques. 95: Of Human Law
Part I‒II, Ques. 96: The Power of Human Law
Part I‒II, Ques. 97: Change in Human Law

Marcus Tullius Cicero

Selections from On the Nature of the Gods
Book II, sect. 75 – 86: The Gods Have Arranged Nature for the Best
Selections from On the Commonwealth
Book I, Sections 24 – 35, 45: The Best Government Is the Mixed Form
Book III, Section 32: The Universality of Natural Law
Selections from On the Laws
Book I, Sections 16 – 35 and 42 – 52: Nature Is the Foundation of Law
Book II, Sections 7 – 17: Laws Exist for the Benefit of the People
Book III, Sections 1 – 9: The Laws of Constitutional Government


Selections from Metaphysics
Book XII, Chapters 6, 7, and 9: The Divine Reason Moves All Things
Selections from Nichomachean Ethics
Book II, Chapters 1 – 4: Virtue Is Habituation to Right Choice
Book III, Chapters 1 – 3: The Voluntary, Choice, and Deliberation
Book X, Chapter 6 – 8: Happiness Results from Virtue
Selections from Politics
Book One, Chapters 1 – 2: Government Is Natural to Man
Book III, Chapters 4, 6 – 7: The Good Man versus the Good Citizen
Book VII, Chapter 2, 14: Happiness within the State