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I.2 Deism Is the Basis of the Republican Form of Government

Declaration

A Republic Rests
on Religious Truth

The Declaration of Indepence is the founding document of the United States. It affirms various truths that are evident to reason, including some that are religious. These truths are essential to any well-ordered republic. For example, the affirmation that we are created by God as natural equals is the basis of our equal protection under the written laws of the state.

The republic presupposes the existence of a set of religious truths that are known to the people prior to their entry into government. These are not the private possession of any faith, but are known by mind. These truths form an essential part of what it means to be a citizen of the United States or any other well-founded republic.

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Declaration

American Deism
and the Founding

Most of the fifty-six signatories to the Declaration of Independence were Christian, but they came from colonies that had different denominations established in law. They were instructed to ensure that their own establishment of religion would be the equal of any other under the proposed federal system of government.

The delegates to the Congress realized that the only means of overcoming sectarian division, and so joining together as fellow citizens, would be through an agreement, founded in reason, concerning the truths about God and morality that they shared in common. The Declaration of Independence was the result: a body of theological nad moral truth agreeable to the reasoned judgment of the majority.

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Declaration

Religious Liberty
Our First Freedom

Religious liberty, properly defined, is the freedom of the people to publicly profess, teach, and defend whatever religious truths are agreeable to the reasoned judgment of the majority. The right of religious liberty is original to nature; it is the means by which a free people form a political consensus on the principles that are the basis of self-government.

Our first exercise of religious liberty was the Declaration of Independence. Our nation was born in an act of religious liberty. In that moment, we agreed to form national union under a body of religious truth agreeable to reasoned judgment of the majority. Having done so, we further agreed to protect every other right given to us by God in the original state of nature.

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American Deist © 2012 - 2013 Edward J. Furton
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